Three Rings for the Elven Kings
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Aealdra
  Tony Steele

Three Rings for the Elven Kings

Aealdra the Blind Elf

Calendars of Middle-earth

Many calendars were in use in Middle-earth, including the Shire Reckoning of the Hobbits – which eventually evolved into the Anglo-Saxon calendar as recorded by Bede in the 8th century – and the Reckoning of Rivendell, the most well-known of the Elven calendars, and the only one we have the details for. The King’s Reckoning as used in Númenor was an adaptation of the Elven calendar, and the Stewards’ Reckoning a much later refinement adopted in Gondor. At the end of the Third Age this was revised again as the New Reckoning, with a New Year’s Day in the spring. All dates in the following tables have been normalised against the modern Gregorian calendar, for use in non-leap-years.


Shire Reckoning

Shire Reckoning
 
 
Shire name
Length
Modern equivalent
2 Yule
Afteryule
Solmath
Rethe
Astron
Thrimidge
Forelithe
1 Lithe
Mid-year’s Day
Overlithe
2 Lithe
Afterlithe
Wedmath
Halimath
Winterfilth
Blotmath
Foreyule
1 Yule
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
1 day
1 day
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
22 December
23 December–21 January
22 January–20 February
21 February–22 March
23 March–21 April
22 April–21 May
22 May–20 June
21 June
22 June
(leap-years only)
23 June
24 June–23 July
24 July–22 August
23 August–21 September
22 September–21 October
22 October–20 November
21 November–20 December
21 December


Reckoning of Rivendell

Reckoning of Rivendell
 
 
 
Quenya
Sindarin
Length
Modern equivalent
Yestarë
Tuilë
Lairë
Yávië
Enderi
Quellë
Hrívë
Coirë
Mettarë
?
Ethuil
Laer
Iavas
?
Firith
Rhîw
Echuir
?
1 day
54 days
72 days
54 days
3 days
54 days
72 days
54 days
1 day
28 March
29 March–21 May
22 May–1 August
2 August–24 September
25 September–27 September
28 September–20 November
21 November–31 January
1 February–26 March
27 March
It should be noted that the complex rules governing leap-years in the Reckoning of Rivendell render the above modern equivalents purely theoretical, and in any given year they could be off by up to 3 or 4 days. Every twelfth year the enderi were doubled, making the year 368 days long. 144 years made one yén, and in the last year of every third yén the three extra days were omitted. Counting from the first uprising of the sun in 10,153 BC, the sixty-ninth year of the eighty-fifth yén began in March 2012 AD (see Chronology for a fuller analysis).


King’s
Reckoning

King’s Reckoning
 
 
 
Quenya
Sindarin
Length
Modern equivalent
Yestarë
Narvinyë
Nénimë
Súlimë
Víressë
Lótessë
Nárië
Loëndë
Cermië
Urimë
Yavannië
Narquelië
Hísimë
Ringarë
Mettarë
?
Narwain
Nínui
Gwaeron
Gwirith
Lothron
Nórui
?
Cerveth
Urui
Ivanneth
Narbeleth
Hithui
Girithron
?
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
31 days
1 day
31 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
22 December
23 December–21 January
22 January–20 February
21 February–22 March
23 March–21 April
22 April–21 May
22 May–21 June
22 June
23 June–23 July
24 July–22 August
23 August–21 September
22 September–21 October
22 October–20 November
21 November–20 December
21 December


Stewards’ Reckoning

Stewards’ Reckoning
 
 
 
Quenya
Sindarin
Length
Modern equivalent
Yestarë
Narvinyë
Nénimë
Súlimë
Tuilérë
Víressë
Lótessë
Nárië
Loëndë
Cermië
Urimë
Yavannië
Yáviérë
Narquelië
Hísimë
Ringarë
Mettarë
?
Narwain
Nínui
Gwaeron
?
Gwirith
Lothron
Nórui
?
Cerveth
Urui
Ivanneth
?
Narbeleth
Hithui
Girithron
?
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
22 December
23 December–21 January
22 January–20 February
21 February–22 March
23 March
24 March–22 April
23 April–22 May
23 May–21 June
22 June
23 June–22 July
23 July–21 August
22 August–20 September
21 September
22 September–21 October
22 October–20 November
21 November–20 December
21 December


New Reckoning

Click to edit table header
 
 
 
Quenya
Sindarin
Length
Modern equivalent
Yestarë
Víressë
Lótessë
Nárië
Cermië
Urimë
Yavannië
Enderi
Narquelië
Hísimë
Ringarë
Narvinyë
Nénimë
Súlimë
Mettarë
?
Gwirith
Lothron
Nórui
Cerveth
Urui
Ivanneth
?
Narbeleth
Hithui
Girithron
Narwain
Nínui
Gwaeron
?
1 day
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
3 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
30 days
1 day
17 March
18 March–16 April
17 April–16 May
17 May–15 June
16 June–15 July
16 July–14 August
15 August–13 September
14 September–16 September
17 September–16 October
17 October–15 November
16 November–15 December
16 December–14 January
15 January–13 February
14 February–15 March
16 March


Days of Week

Click to edit table header
 
 
 
Elves
Men
Hobbits
Modern
Elenya
Anarya
Isilya
Aldúya
Menelya
-
Valanya
Elenya
Anarya
Isilya
Aldëa
Menelya
Eärenya
Valanya
Sterday
Sunday
Monday
Trewsday
Hevensday
Mersday
Highday
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
The 6-day week of the Eldar began at the first uprising of the sun on 25 March 10,153 BC, and has ran continuously since then. At the beginning of the Second Age, on 26 December 9564 BC, the Men of Númenor added a seventh day, and the 7-day week has been continuous since that date – except among the Hobbits, who fixed the days of the week against their calendar (see Chronology for a fuller analysis).
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